Bunions are bony lumps on the side of the foot beneath big toe. They can cause foot pain. The hump causes the big toe to bend inward toward the other toes. The joint where the toe bends when walking is also affected by a bunion, and it can make walking uncomfortable. Bunions are also susceptible to pressure and friction caused by certain types of shoes and how they rub on the toe. Calluses often develop on the side of the big toe where the shoe is rubbing.
Bunions can be caused by any number of reasons. Some of the more common reasons include injury, birth defects, certain types of arthritis, or an inherited foot type. An occupation that requires you to stand for prolonged periods of time may also cause a bunion to form. However, experts disagree on whether or not footwear that is too tight or too narrow can the cause a bunion, though poorly fitting footwear can certainly aggravate the condition.
Based on the evaluation performed by the podiatrist, if the condition is found to be severe the doctor will most typically suggest surgery. The doctors use a minimal incision/no scar technique to reduce recovery time and the risk of scarring. The operation is recommended when an individual’s everyday life and tasks are greatly affected by the bunion. The surgeon will readjust the bone beneath the big toe by making an incision into the ligaments surrounding the joint. Wires and screws are sometimes used to hold the big toe in place when healing. Excess bone might also be shaved down while in surgery. Typically, the procedure lasts approximately an hour. This will depend on the severity of the bunion. Part of the joint, bone, or some of the soft tissue might be extracted during the operation. In addition, the bone may be fused to prevent it from moving back to the unwanted position.